عنوان مقاله [English]
Every language is in relation with various factors such as speakers' religion, sex, age, job, environment, social conditions, education and the like, and the same factors are among those which produce characteristics types. The present research aims to study language performance in Seyed Mohammad Ali Jamalzadeh's short stories characteristics types. To this end, at first, the characteristics types of the story and popular and behavioural features of each type have been characterized; then, by considering the author’s main aim, the stories and social conditions and also the existing variables, the relationship between language and the certain types was considered and, in particular, language, words, and expressions suitable to various types and their social class, occupation, education, religion, sex as well as taboos, environment, and power relations have been studied.
The results show that Jamalzadeh has taken knowingly and purposefully into account non-linguistic factors influencing characters. Employing various factors in a correct manner, he has managed to help better communication of social concepts in his stories.
In sum, in his book Yiki Bud Yiki Nabud (Once Upon a Time) by considering the number of characters, he has made more uses of variables and based on two variables, religion and job, he has made the most impacts on the characters' language.